This article was first published in "INDIA POST" - The Journal of the India Study Circle for Philately, U.K. Vol.35/3, No. 149 (August 2001). It has been updated with more information, which is based on available official records and examples from my collection on the subject. The subject is yet unexplored and requires lot of research and discussion. Readers' comments and more information on the subject are welcome. I am very much thankful to Mr David Padgham, Mr. Max Smith, Mr Ashok Kumar Bayanwala, Mr P G Bhargave and Mr K H Kacchhia who have helped, encouraged and offered assistance in one or other way. I am also thankful to the staff of Gujarat State Archives, Baroda who have allowed me to refer the records of the Baroda State.


1. The Imperial Gazetteer of India, Vol. III
2. Gazetteer of the Baroda State, Vol. I, (1923)
3. The Baroda State Directory (Gujarati), 1939.
4. State Records and Postal Communication of Baroda State and Baroda Residency.
5. A. Koeppel & RD Manners, The Court Fee and Revenue Stamps of Princely States of India,Vol.1, New York, 1983.
6. Jal Cooper, Early Indian Cancellations, Thacker, Bombay, 1993, p62
7. D. R. Martin, Numbers in Early Indian Cancellations (1855-1884), Robson Lowe, London, 1970
8. W. Renouf, Early Indian Cancellations and Postmarks (1852-1884)
9. Geoffrey Eibl-Kaye, The Bombay Postal Circle its Organisation and Numbered Obliterators 1875-77, India Study Circle for Philately 1998
10. India Post - The Journal of the India Study Circle for Philately, U.K., # 114 (Oct, 92), 115( Jan, 93), 121 (July,94), 122 (Oct., 94), 133 (July, 97) and 134 (Oct., 97)
11. M.M. Inamdar, Bombay GPO.
12. Various Internet Sites.

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